Fauna


The invertebrates fauna is particularly rich counting 35 endemic species and 91 species identified as new for science. We mention two endemic species for Piatra Craiului: Nesticus constantinescui (Arahnida) and Rhagidia carpatica (Arahnida, Acari).

There is also a large number of butterfly species, up to this day 216 species being identified as either rare or endemic: Psodos coracinus dioszeghy,subspecie endemica alpina; Apamea zeta sandorokovacsi subspecie endemica in Carpati; Erebia pronoefound in the Carpathians only in Piatra Craiului and Bucegi; Pieris bryoniae mentioned in the red list of European day butterflies, etc.

The fish, amphibians and reptiles fauna is slightly poorer, if compared to the other invertebrates group. Furthermore we must mention that all the amphibians and reptiles species in Romania are protectec, being included in Annex 3 of the law 13 of 11.03.1993 (the Bern Convention)

The fish, amphibians and reptiles species list

The Piatra Craiului National Park also holds a rich bird fauna, including the 111 species identified so far, on the territory, rendering the area an ideal destination for bird watching. Many of these species are strictly protected by the Bern Convention - The Convention for European wildlife and natural habitats protection (law 13 of the 11th of March 1993) and by the Bonn Convention - regarding the conservation of wild migratory species (Law 13 of the 8th of January 1998).

The birds species list

The climate and geology conditions, the geomorphology, the structure of the flora and vegetation, have created the proper conditions for the development of a particular diversity of the mammals group.

Din cele aproximativ 100 specii de mamifere din fauna intregii tari, peste 40% traiesc si in masivul Piatra Cariului.

Over 40% of the 100 mammal’s species found in Romania live here. Up to this day 21 species of bats have been identified in caves or old tree hollows throughout the national park. Many of these species are included in the strictly protected species category, according to the Bern Convetion, 6 of them are listed in the European Council Directive 92/43 EEC (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, R. euriale, Myotis bechsteinii, M. blythii, M. myotys, Barbastella barbastellus) and one species - Vespertilio murinus - is included in the Bonn Convention. We must mention as well the fact that all bat species are protected in Romania, according to the Law 90 of the 10th of May 2000, regarding the adhering of our country to the Agreement concerning the bats conservation in Europe settled at London on the 4th of December 1991.

The Piatra Craiului National Park also holds a large population of large carnivores: bears - Ursus arctos; wolves - Canis lupus; lynx - Lynx lynx. Studies conducted so far have revealed the presence of three migrating corridors, used by these species, between the Piatra Craiului and Bucegi massifs. These corridors will benefit from a special protection status.

The mammal species list.

Coada randunicii (Papilio machaon) Capra neagra (Rupicapra rupicapra)Ras (Lynx lynx)

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